5G technology debuts in Brazil this Wednesday - Plataforma Media

5G technology debuts in Brazil this Wednesday

Brasília will be the first city to receive the new technology

The pure 5G signal (without interference from other frequencies) will debut in Brazil on Wednesday (5). The first city to offer the signal will be Brasília, whose operation was approved last Monday (4) by the National Telecommunications Agency (Anatel).

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Next generation of mobile internet, the pure 5G technology offers an average speed of 1 Gigabit (Gbps), ten times higher than the 4G signal, with the possibility of reaching up to 20 Gbps. The signal has lower latency (delay) in data transmission. A 5G file can be downloaded in about 40 seconds on this system.

5G technology will enable the debut of the “internet of things”, which allows direct connection between objects via the world wide web. This technology has the potential to increase industrial production, through direct communication between machines, and to enable novelties such as remote surgeries and transportation in driverless cars.

TIM will be the first operator to offer the pure 5G signal in Brasília. In principle, 100 antennas will be installed to serve between 40 percent and 50 percent of the Federal District’s population. In the next two months, 64 more antennas will become operational, increasing the technology’s reach to 65 percent of the population.

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According to Anatel board member and vice president Moisés Moreira, the next cities to receive the pure 5G signal will be Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, and São Paulo, but the dates are not yet set. In early June, the regulatory agency defined that, by September 29, all capitals should have the technology.

Access

To have access to 5G technology, the customer must have a chip and a device that supports the connection. The client must verify if the operator offers the service and be in the coverage area. Anatel’s website informs the list of cell phones approved for the pure 5G signal.

The consumer needs to be aware that there are cell phones outside the list that show the 5G icon. In these cases, however, the device does not operate the pure 5G signal, but the 5G in Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS) or non-standalone (NSA) mode, called “impure” 5G because it operates in the same frequency as 4G, in the 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) range. Depending on the interference, the “impure” 5G signal may have lower speeds than 4G.

Parabolic

Pure 5G will occupy the 3.5 GHz band, a band partially occupied by old satellite dishes operating with an analog signal in Band C. People with this signal will need to buy a new antenna and a receiver compatible with Ku Band, to which the satellite dish signal is being transferred. Families enrolled in the Unified Registry for Social Programs of the Federal Government (CadÚnico) with old satellite dishes will receive new converters, which will dispense with the need to buy other antennas.

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According to Anatel, Brasilia was chosen to debut the 5G technology because it has a low number of satellite dishes. According to the latest data from the regulatory agency, there are about 3.3 thousand satellite dishes in operation in the Federal District.

Originally, the notice of the 5G auction, held in November last year, foresaw that all capitals should be served by 5G telephony by July 31. However, problems with chip shortages and delays in the production and importation of electronic equipment related to the covid-19 pandemic pushed the schedule back two months.

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