Neolithic groups living in the territories now occupied by Portugal and Spain settled the British Isles on 4,000 BCE, a new study shows.
The British Isles were settled in the Neolithic period (4,000 BCE) by migrants from the Iberian Peninsula. Such is the conclusion of a study published in the journal Natura Ecology & Evolution, which has analyzed DNA extracted from Neolithic human remains found across Britain and shown that the ancestors of the people who built Stonehenge on 300 BCE traveled from Anatolia to Iberia before winding their way north.
The journey began around 6,000 BCE with a massive expansion of people out of Anatolia that introduced farming to Europe. Until then the continent was populated by small hunter-gatherer groups. One group followed the Danube up into Central Europe, but another group traveled across the Mediterranean to search for new lands, either along the coast or hopping from island to island on small boats.
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